St. Patrick's Day
There are only two kinds of people in this world. Those who are Irish and those who wish they were Irish. - Al McGuire
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5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. What organization was formed on this date in 1910? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. Who was sworn in as the Prime Minister of Israel on this date in 1969? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to the Chartered Institute of Library and Information Professionals, why was the Kate Greenaway Medal established in 1955? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the name of a children's author born on this date:

1. Which college was incorporated on this date in 1870? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the University of Michigan, for which hospital in Detroit did Alexa Canady serve as the Chief of Neurosurgery? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the Helen Hayes Awards, how old was Helen Hayes when she made her first professional appearance on stage? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a work by Kate Greenaway (according to the University of Southern Mississippi): MOOSE GOT HER
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the Gale Group, what event shattered Myrlie Evers-Williams' life on June 12, 1963?

2. According to the "About Us" Section at the Camp Fire USA web site, in what city is the Camp Fire USA national headquarters located?

3. According to the mission statement of the Mia Hamm Foundation, what was Mia's first-hand experience with bone marrow diseases?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a play in which Helen Hayes appeared in the 1960s (according to the Internet Broadway Database): OF HOW SHEFT
National Women's History Month

Kate Greenaway
Born on This Date 1846


Primary Children's Author

Alexa Canady
Alexa Canady


Helen Hayes

[Women's International Center]


Myrlie Evers-Williams
Born on This Date 1933

[University of Mississippi]

Civil Rights

Mia Hamm
Born on This Date 1970

Soccer Player

Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan
Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma
Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
Catholicism: St. Patrick's Day
(Commemorates the death of St. Patrick: 03/17/461)
St. Patrick's Day Catholicism Ancient Order of Hibernians in America, Inc
United States: Camp Fire USA
(Annual March 17 observance commemorates founding in 1910)
Camp Fire USA
Boston, Massachusetts: Evacuation Day
(Observed annually on March 17 since 1901 to celebrate the end of the British occupation of Boston in 1776)
Evacuation Day American Revolution
Icon for Primary Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Icon for Young-adult  Authors and Illustrators Born on This Date Icon
1846 Kate Greenaway (English Children's Author, Illustrator) Kate Greenaway Primary Authors Artists
1933 Penelope Lively (English Children's Author) English Authors and Illustrators Young-adult Authors
Authors, Poets and Journalists
1894 Paul Green (North Carolina-born Playwright Awarded the 1927 Pulitzer Prize for Drama: In Abraham's Bosom) Paul Green Plays 1927 Pulitzer Prize for Drama: In Abraham's Bosom The History Channel
1901 Turner Catledge (Journalist: Executive Editor of the New York Times) Mississippi Authors and Illustrators Journalism New York Times
1904 Patrick Hamilton (English Author) Patrick Hamilton
1948 William Ford Gibson III (South Carolina-born Science Fiction Writer Who Coined the Term "Cyberspace") South Carolina Authors and Illustrators History of Technology Technology and Society
Artists, Architects and Designers
1686 Jean-Baptiste Oudry (French Rococo Painter, Designer, Illustrator) French Artists Artists
1866 Alice Austen (New York City-born Photographer) New York City Artists Photography
Classical Composers and Performing Artists
1920 John LaMontaine (Chicago-born Composer) Chicago Composers American Composers
1938 Rudolf Nureyev (Russian Ballet Dancer) Rudolf Nureyev Ballet
Scientists, Mathematicians and Inventors
1806 Norbert Rillieux (New Orleans-born African-American Engineer, Inventor) Norbert Rillieux Slavery Inventors and Inventions African Americans Scientsts & Mathematicians
1849 Charles Brush (Ohio-born Inventor) Ohio Scientists and Mathematicians Inventors and Inventions Electricity
1881 Walter Rudolf Hess (Swiss Nobel Prize-winning Physiologist) Swiss  Scientists and Mathematicians Anatomy and Physiology 1949 Nobel Laureate for Physiology and Medicine
Explorers, Pioneers and Astronauts
1804 Jim Bridger (Virginia-born Pioneer, Frontiersman) Jim Bridger Westward Expansion Fort Bridger
1884 Frank "Bring 'Em Back Alive" Buck (Texas-born Animal Trapper) Texas Explorers Animals Zoos Texas State Historical Society
1939 Robin Knox-Johnston (English Adventurer; First Person to Sail Non-stop and Solo Around the World) English Explorers Naval History Greenwich Guide
Political and Social Leaders
1777 Roger Brooke Taney (Maryland-born Associate Justice, U.S. Supreme Court) Maryland Political and Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1825 Benjamin Sterling Turner (North Carolina-born Politician Who Served as the First African-American Congressman from Alabama) North Carolina Political and Social Leaders Alabama Political and Social Leaders U.S. House of Representatives African-American Political and Social Leaders Alabama Archives African American Registry
1849 Patrick Cudahy (Irish-American Wisconsin Business Leader, Philanthropist) Ireland Political and Social Leaders Wisconsin Political and Social Leaders Philanthropy Wisconsin Historical Society
1862 Homer Plessy (New Orleans African-American Civil Rights Activist Named in the Landmark Case of Plessy v. Ferguson) Homer Plessy U.S. Civil Rights Activist African-American Political and Social Leaders
1866 Pierce Butler (Minnesota-born Associate Justice, U.S. Supreme Court) Minnesota Political and Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1912 Bayard Rustin (Pennsylvania-born African-American Civil Rights Activist) Bayard Rustin U.S. Civil Rights Activist African-American Political and Social Leaders
1933 Myrlie Evers (Mississippi-born Wife of Medgar Evers; Chairperson of the Board of Directors Chair of the NAACP) Myrlie Evers U.S. Civil Rights Activist African-American Political and Social Leaders NAACP
1920 Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman (Founding father of Bangladesh) Bangladesh
1955 Cynthia McKinney (Georgia's First African-American Female Congressional Representative) Georgia Political and Social Leaders U.S. House of Representatives African-American Political and Social Leaders University of Georgia
Performing Artists
1899 Shemp Howard (According to some sources May 4: New York-born Comedic Actor; Member of the "Three Stooges") New York City Performing Artists The Three Stooges Film Television Internet Movie Database
1919 Nat "King" Cole (Alabama-born African-American Jazz Musician, Singer) Nat King Cole Popular Musicians Jazz African American Performing Artists
1944 John Sebastian (New York City-born Popular Musician; Member of the "Lovin' Spoonful") New York City Performing Artists American Composers and Songwriters Popular Music Internet Movie Database
1951 Kurt Russell (Massachusetts-born Actor) Kurt Russell Actors Film Television
1954 Lesley-Anne Down (English Actress) English Performing Artists The Three Stooges Film Television Internet Movie Database
1955 Gary Sinise (Illinois-born Actor) Illinois Performing Artists Actors Film Television
1964 Rob Lowe (Virginia-born Actor) Virginia Performing Artists Actors Film Television
Sports Figures
1902 Bobby Jones (Georgia-born Member of the Golf Hall of Fame) Bobby Jones World Golf Hall of Fame
1970 Mia Hamm (Alabama-born Olympic and World Champion Soccer Player) Mia Hamm Soccer The Olympic Games
Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
461 St. Patrick (Catholic Saint) St. Patrick's Day Catholicism Ancient Order of Hibernians in America, Inc
1902 George W. Warren (New York-born Organist, Hymnist: Author of the National Hymn: "God of Our Fathers") New York Composers and Songwriters Organ Religion Concordia
1929 Bascom B. Clarke (Wisconsin Farm Publisher) Wisconsin Authors Farming & Agriculture Journalism Wisconsin Historical Society
1993 Helen Hayes (Washington, D.C.-born Actress) Helen Hayes Actors Film Television
Historically Significant Events Historically Significant Events
Historic Events of the 1700s that Occurred on this Date
1734 Salzburgers (Persecuted Protestants from Salzburg) Settle at What Will Be Ebenezer, Georgia Salzburg, Austria Georgia Religion Concordia University of Georgia
1737 Charitable Irish Society of Boston Hosts America's First Saint Patrick's Day Municipal Celebration Boston, Massachusetts St. Patrick's Day Historic Firsts Concordia
1762 Irish Soldiers Serving in the British Army Hold the First Saint Patrick's Day Parade in New York City New York City St. Patrick's Day Historic Firsts The History Channel
1776 British Troops Retreat to Their Ships. Continental Army Reoccupies Boston Evacuation Day The American Revolution Writer's Almanac The History Channel Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities
Historic Events of the 1800s that Occurred on this Date
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: a windey Day attempted to air our goods

Mr. Chabonah Sent a french man of our party that he was Sorry for the foolissh part he had acted and if we pleased
he would accompany us agreeabley to the terms we had perposed and doe every thing we wished him to doe &c. &c. he had requested me Some

Ordway: clear and pleasant. all the Indian Goods put out to air also the parched Meal. Mr. Sharbonow began to move his baggage across the river in order to Go up to the Grossvantares to live. had Got the most of his things across the River he concluded and agreed to Go with us. then moved his effects back to the Fort, & pitched a lodge near the Fort. the wind high from the West. Warner has lost his Tommahawk, expect the Indians Stole it.

Lewis & Clark Map: 10/14/04
Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Fort Mandan Map Native American Tribes

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: we have had our Canoes prepared for our departure, and Shall Set out as Soon as the weather will permit. the weather is So precarious that we fear by waiting untill the first of April that we might be detained Several days longer before we could get from this to the Cath-lah-mahs, as it must be Calm or we cannot accomplish that part of the rout in our Canoes.

Drewyer returned late this evening from the Cath-lah-mahs with our Indian Canoe which Sergt. Pryor had left Some days since, and also a Canoe, which he had purchased from those people. for this canoe he gave Captn. Lewis's uniform laced coat and nearly half a Carrot of tobacco. it Seams that nothing except this Coat would induce them to dispose of a Canoe which in their mode of traffic is an article of the greatest value except a wife, with whome it is nearly equal, and is generally given in exchange to the father for his Daughter. I think that the United States are in justice indebted to Captn Lewis another uniform Coat for that of which he has disposed of on this ocasion, it was but little worn.

We yet want another Canoe as the Clatsops will not Sell us one, a proposition has been made by one of our interpt and Several of the party to take one in lieu of 6 Elk which they Stole from us this winter

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Lewis & Clark Map: 11/07/05 Clatsop County, Oregon Fort Clatsop Native Americans
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1806 In Indiana, Joshua, a Christian Indian, Is Burned at the Stake by the Shawnee for Witchcraft Indiana Shawnee Religion Death Indiana Historical Society
1808 The City of Detroit Holds Its First Saint Patrick's Day Celebration Detroit St. Patrick's Day Historic Firsts Historical Society of Michigan (pdf)
1812 Spain Surrenders Fernandina, Florida to U.S. Troops and Florida Patriots Spain Fernandina, Florida Fernandina Beach, Florida Florida Historical Society
1828 Charles Louis Napoleon Achille Murat, Nephew of Napoleon Bonaparte, Is Admitted to Practice Law in Florida Fernandina, Florida Napoleon Bonaparte Law and legal Resources Florida Historical Society
1830 Frederic Chopin Makes His Concert Debut in Warsaw, Poland, Performing His Own Piano Concerto in f-minor Frederic Chopin Composers Classical Music Historic Firsts American Public Media
1842 The Wyandotte Indians Sign a Treaty Relinquishing Their Lands in Michigan and Ohio Michigan Ohio Wyandotte Indians Westward Expansion Historic U.S. Documents The Wyandotte Nation of Oklahoma Ohio Historical Society
1847 The Michigan State Legislature Meets in Detroit for the Last Time Before Moving to Lansing Detroit Michigan State Legislature Historical Society of Michigan (pdf)
1851 St. Paul Hosts Minnesota's First St. Patrick's Day Parade St. Paul, Minnesota St. Patrick's Day Historic Firsts Minnesota Historical Society
1855 The First Law School in Texas Is Created at Austin College Texas Education Education Law and Legal Resources Historic Firsts Texas State Historical Society
1859 Residents of Corvallis Begin a 10:00 p.m. Celebration upon Learning of Oregon's Admission to the Union Corvallis, Oregon U.S. History
1862 U.S. Treasury Sanctions Two Issues of Greenbacks U.S. Government Currency American Civil War U.S. Treasury
President Lincoln Accepts from Philanthropist, Cornelius Vanderbilt, a Yacht Offered as a Gift to the Government Cornelius Vanderbilt President Abraham Lincoln Naval History Philanthropy Lincoln Papers
1863 Union Cavalry Holds Its Own in the Battle of Kelly's Ford, Virginia Battle of Kelly's Ford, VA History Channel
1865 President Lincoln Calls for Arrest and Court Martial of Any Person Furnishing Arms to Hostile Indians President Abraham Lincoln Native American Heritage Crime Lincoln Papers
President Lincoln Speaks to the 140th Indiana Regiment, Which Captured Fort Anderson, NC Indiana Military Figures President Abraham Lincoln American Civil War Lincoln Papers
1866 Georgia Law Defines "Persons of Color" and Grants Them the Same Rights As Whites Georgia Government Law and Legal Resources Civil Rights/Human Rights Racism University of Georgia
1869 Iowa State University Begins Its First Term of Classes Iowa Education Historic Firsts Iowa State University Historical Society of Iowa
1870 Massachusetts Legislature Authorizes Incorporation of Wellesley College Massachusetts Education Wellesley College
1879 New Mexico Governor Lew Wallace Meets Billy the Kid on Condition That The Kid testify Against Others in Exchange for Immunity New Mexico Billy the Kid Lew Wallace Notorious Americans New Mexico Magazine
1884 Californian John J. Montgomery Pilots a Home-Made Glider from Wheeler Hill near San Diego, Traveling 200 - 600' California Aviators Aviation History Learn California
1888 Henry James' Essay, "Guy de Maupassant," Is Published in the English Magazine Fortnightly Review Henry James Guy de Maupassant American Authors American Collection
1891 West Virginia State University Is Established as the West Virginia Colored Institute West Virginia Education African-American Heritage West Virginia State University West Virginia Archives African American Registry
1894 18 Dutch Colonists Arrive on Washington's Whidbey Island and Settle in Oak Harbor The Netherlands Oak Harbor, Washington Immigration Oak Harbor, Washington History Link
1899 German Ship Elbe Runs Aground in Fog, Sends First Radio Distress Signal Naval History Radio Historic Firsts Marconi Calling
Historic Events that occurred 1900-1949 on this date
1901 Vincent Van Gogh's Paintings Are First Shown at the Bernheim-Jeune Gallery in Paris Paris Museums Vincent Van Gogh Historic Firsts Bernheim-Jeune Gallery Writer's Almanac The History Channel
1905 Eleanor Roosevelt Marries Franklin D. Roosevelt in New York New York President Franklin D. Roosevelt The History Channel
1906 7.1 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 1,300 in Kagi, Formosa (Taiwan) Taiwan Earthquake Death USGS The History Channel
1910 Camp Fire Girls Is Formed As the First U.S. Organization Open to Girls of All Religions Camp Fire USA Religion Historic Firsts Writer's Almanac
1912 The U.S. Marines, Withdraw from Sitka, Alaska Where a Contingent Had Been Stationed Since 1879. Sitka, Alaska U.S. Marines Alaska Historical Society
1914 New York Fifth Avenue Coach Co. Introduces First Bus with Seats Facing Forward New York City Historic Firsts History Channel
1917 France's Prime Minister, Aristide Briand, Resigns Under Pressure French Political and Social Leaders World War I The History Channel
1922 Atlanta Constitution Begins Operation of WGST, Radio Georgia Media Radio WGST Radio University of Georgia
1925 Explosion in Bethlehem Mine No. 41 Kills 33 Coal Miners in Barrackville, West Virginia West Virginia Safety Death West Virginia Archives
1929 The President of the University of Detroit Threatens to Expel Any Coed Caught Talking to Boys Michigan Education Education Women University of Detroit State of Michigan
1933 Human Nature by Edith Wharton is Published by D. Appleton and Company Edith Wharton American Authors American Collection
1940 Dr. Fritz Todt Is Appointed Nazi Minister for Weapons and Munitions Nazi Germany World War  II The History Channel
1941 The National Gallery of Art Opens in Washington, D.C. Washington, D.C. The National Gallery of Art The National Gallery of Art Writer's Almanac
Milwaukee, Wisconsin's Airport Is Named in Honor of General Billy Mitchell Billy Mitchell Military Aviation General Mitchell International Airport Wisconsin Historical Society
1942 Gen. MacArthur Supreme Becomes Allied Commander of Southwest Pacific Theater Douglas MacArthur Naval History World War II The New York Times
1943 A Commission Is Created to Revise Georgia's Reconstruction-era Constitution of 1877 Georgia Constitution Historic American Documents Racism University of Georgia
1946 Jackie Robinson Plays His First Exhibition Game with the Brooklyn Dodgers in Daytona Beach, Florida Daytona Beach, Florida Jackie Robinson Baseball Hall of Fame African-American Sports Figures Historic Firsts Florida Historical Society
1948 Zelda Fitzgerald is Buried with F. Scott Fitzgerald in Rockville Union Cemetery, Rockville, Maryland Rockville, Maryland Alabama F. Scott Fitzgerald American Authors American Collection
1949 First Car with the Porsche Family Name Is Introduced at Swiss Automobile Show Switzerland Ferdinand Porsche Porsche The History Channel
Historic Events that occurred 1950-1999 on this date
1950 California Berkeley Scientists Announce Synthesis of the Element Californium Californium The Periodic Table The New York Times
1953 Tennessee Williams' Camino Real Is First performed at the National Theater in New York City New York City Tennessee Williams Plays Historic Firsts Internet Broadway Database
1954 Quincy Porter's Pulitzer Prize-Winning "Concerto Concertante" for Two Pianos and Orchestra Is First Performed in Louisville, Kentucky Louisville, Kentucky Connecticut Composers American Composers Historic Firsts 1954 Pulitzer Prize in Music American Public Media
1957 A Blizzard Drops 24" of Snow on Duluth, Minnesota Duluth, Minnesota Snow Wind Minnesota Historical Society
1958 U.S. Launches Its Second Satellite Vanguard I to Test 3-Stage Rocket Space Exploration NASA
1959 The 24-year-old Dalai Lama Begins His Escape from Tibet to Avoid Abduction by the Chinese Dalai Lama China BBC
1962 Wing Luke (Seattle City Council) Is First Chinese American Elected to a Major Post in the Continental U.S.A Seattle, Washington Elections Asian-American Political and Social Leaders Historic Firsts History Link
1963 Mount Agung on Bali Erupts, Killing at Least 11,000 People Indonesia Volcanoes Death Indonesian Directorate of Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation
1964 LBJ and National Security Council Secretly Escalate U.S. Role in Vietnam President Lyndon Johnson Vietnam War The History Channel
1966 Submarine Locates U.S. Hydrogen Bomb Fallen from Aircraft into Mediterranean Nuclear Weapons Aviation History Submarines The New York Times
1968 200 Are Arrested as Thousands Protest the Vietnam War Outside U.S. Embassy in London London Vietnam War Civil Rights Crime BBC
1969 Golda Meir Sworn in As Israel's First Female Prime Minister Israel Golda Meir Women Historic Firsts Prime Minister of Israel The New York Times
Florida Marks the End of 768 Consecutive Days of Sunshine Florida The Sun Weather Florida Historical Society
1970 U.S. Army Accuses 14 Officers of Covering Up the My Lai Massacre My Lai Massacre The History Channel
The Alabama Space and Rocket Center in Huntsville Is Dedicated Space Exploration NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, Alabama Alabama Archives
1973 7.5 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 14 on the Philippines island of Luzon Republic of the Philippines Earthquake Death USGS
1975 First U.S. Doctor's Strike Takes Place in 21 New York City Hospitals New York City Medical Professionals Labor Actions IntelliHealth
1978 Thousands Flee Southern Lebanon as Israeli Attacks Continue for Third Day Lebanon Israel War BBC
1980 PBS Broadcasts a Production of William Faulkner's Short Story, Barn Burning William Faulkner American Authors PBS Internet Movie Database University of Mississippi
1985 6.6 Magnitude Earthquake Is Centered Near the Central Coast of Chile Chile Earthquake USGS
1988 Apple Sues Microsoft for Copying the Macintosh Interface for Windows 2.0 Bill Gates and Microsoft Apple History of Computer Technology Law and Legal Resources MIT
1990 Lithuania Rejects Soviet Demand to Renounce Its Independence Lithuania The Soviet Union The Cold War The History Channel
1992 In National Referendum, South Africa's Whites Overwhelmingly Vote to End Apartheid South African Government Apartheid Voting South African History
1995 Sinn Fein Leader Gerry Adams Meets President Bill Clinton Irish Political & Social Leaders President Bill Clinton BBC
1999 National Academy of Sciences Supports Medical Value of Marijuana Illegal Drugs Cancer AIDS National Cancer Institute
Six International Olympic Committee Members Expelled in Bribery Scandal The Olympics Crime CNN
Historic Events that have occurred on this date from 2000 to present
2005 Players Testify to Congress About Use of Illicit Drugs in Major League Baseball U.S Congress Illicit Drugs Major League Baseball National Public Radio
2008 Legally Blind, David Paterson Becomes the First African-American Governor of New York New York Political and Social Leaders Blindness African-American Political and Social Leaders Historic Firsts Toronto Star