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National Hispanic Heritage Month


Separation Bar

Juan Marichal
Born 1937


Baseball Hall of Fame

Juliet Villarreal García



James Johnson
Born 1943



José Feliciano
Born 1945


Popular Musicians

Consuelo Castillo Kickbusch


Public Speaking

Antonio Banderas
Born 1960



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Gnus for Kidz

Who Am I?

5-Minute Quests Today's 5-Minute Quest

Answers to all questions can be found on this page or by using links provided on this page.
Good Luck!
5-Minute Quests

1. In what year was Karen Cushman awarded the Newbery Medal? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. What problem with the river did the Lewis and Clark Corps of Discovery encounter on this date in 1804? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

3. According to Spartacus, what was the title of a book illustrated by Frederic Remington in 1895? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a work by Karen Cushman (according to the Houghton-Mifflin):

1. In what year was this date the last date the Julian Calendar was used by the Roman Catholic Church? (hint: the answer is found on this page)

2. According to the White House, at what college was Rutherford B. Hayes educated? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

3. According to the Writer's Almanac, what four series of children's books did Edward Stratemeyer create? (hint: you will need to use a link found on this page)

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a 1939 work by Damon Runyon (according to the Authors' Calendar):
(hint: all three questions will require you to use a link found on this page)

1. According to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cyril Stanley Smith had a rich and varied career that spanned what four areas of interest?

2. According to Yale University, what work by René Márques represents the best of Puerto Rican drama?

3. According to the Authors' Calendar, in what Spanish city was Francisco de Rojas Zorilla born?

Use all of these letters to spell the title of a film in which Buster Keaton appeared (according to

Rutherford B. Hayes
Born on This Date 1837

[Harvard University]

The American Presidency

Frederic Remington
Born on This Date in 1861

[Frederic Remington Art Museum]

American Artists

Cyril Stanley Smith
Born on This Date 1903

[University of Chicago]

Plutonium Uranium Nuclear Weapons

René Márques
Born on This Date 1919

[El Poder de la Palabra]


Karen Cushman
Born on This Date 1995

[Internet Public Library]

Young-adult Authors 1995 Newbery Medal Winner

Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts
Michigan Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma
Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
Lesotho: National Day
(Commemorates Lesotho's independence from the United Kingdom: 10/04/1966)
Lesotho United Kingdom U.S. Department of State
Children's Authors & Illustrators
1862 Edward Stratemeyer (New Jersey-born Creator of the Hardy Boys, Bobbsey Twins, Rover Boys, and Nancy Drew) Edward Stratemeyer Young-adult Authors
1892 Robert Lawson (New York City-born 1941 Caldecott Winner and 1945 Newbery Medal Winner) Robert Lawson Primary Children's Authors Young-adult Authors American Artists 1941 Caldecott Medal for They Were Strong and Good 1945 Newbery Medal for Rabbit Hill
1916 Julia Cunningham (Washington-born Children's Author) Washington Authors Primary Children's Authors Young-adult Authors
1924 Donald Sobol (New York City-born Children's Author) New York City Authors Young-adult Authors
1941 Karen Cushman (New York City-born 1995 Newbery Medal Winner) Karen Cushman Young-adult Authors 1995 Newbery Medal Winner
1607 Francisco de Rojas Zorilla (Spanish Author) Francisco de Rojas Zorilla
1884 Damon Runyon (Kansas-born Journalist) Damon Runyon Journalism
1913 Carrie Allen McCray (Virginia-born African-American Author) Virginia Authors & Illustrators African-American Authors & Illustrators University of  South Carolina Aiken African American Registry
1914 Brendan Gill (Connecticut-born Novelist, Playwright, and Essayist) Connecticut Authors & Illustrators Plays PBS Writer's Almanac
1928 René Márques (Puerto Rican Playwright) René Márques Plays
1939 Jackie Collins (English Author) English Authors Internet Movie Database
1941 Roy Blount, Jr. (Indianapolis-born Humorist) Indiana Authors & Illustrators Official Website Writer's Almanac
Anne Rice (New Orleans-born Novelist) Anne Rice
1814 Jean Francois Millet (French Painter) Jean Francois Millet
1861 Frederic Remington (New York-born Western Artist) Frederic Remington Westward Expansion
1716 James Lind (Scottish-born Pioneer in Curing Scurvy) Scottish Scientists and Mathematicians Disease Intellihealth
1808 Charles Whittlesey (Connecticut-born Attorney, Geologist in Ohio) Connecticut Scientists & Mathematicians Ohio Scientists & Mathematicians Geology Ohio Historical Society
1858 Michael Pupin (Hungarian Inventor) Michael Pupin Inventors & Inventions
1879 Edward Murray East (Illinois-born Botanist) Illinois Scientists & Mathematicians Botany
1903 Cyril Stanley Smith (English Nuclear Chemist) Cyril Stanley Smith Plutonium Uranium Nuclear Weapons World War II
1916 Vitaly L. Ginzburg (Russian-born 2003 Nobel Laureate for Physics) Vitaly L. Ginzburg Superconductvitiy 2003 Nobel Laureate for Physics
1289 Louis X (King of Navarre: 1305-14, and King of France: 1314-6) French Political and Social Leaders
1550 Charles IX (King of Sweden: 1604-11) Swedish Political and Social Leaders
1626 Richard Cromwell (English Lord Protector: 1658-9) English Political and Social Leaders
1761 Moses Austin (Connecticut-born Texas Land Empresario; Father of Stephen F. Austin) Moses Austin Texas Empresarios
1837 Rutherford B. Hayes (Ohio-born 19th President of the United States) Ohio Political and Social Leaders Rutherford B. Hayes The American Presidency
1928 James Forman (Chicago-born African-American Civil Rights Leader) Chicago Political and Social Leaders African-American Political & Social Leaders U.S. Civil Rights Movement African American Registry
1943 H. "Rap" Brown (Louisiana-born African-American Civil Rights Leader) Louisiana Political and Social Leaders U.S. Civil Rights Movement African-American Political & Social leaders African American Registry
1895 Buster Keaton (Kansas-born Silent Film Comedian) Buster Keaton Actors Film Internet Movie Database
1924 Charlton Heston (Illinois-born Actor) Illinois Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database Biography
1945 Clifton Davis (Chicago-born African-American Actor) Chicago Performing Artists Actors Film African Americans Performing Artists Internet Movie Database
1946 Susan Sarandon (New York City-born Actress) Susan Sarandon Actors Film Internet Movie Database Biography
1967 Liev Schreiber (San Francisco-born Actor) Liev Schreiber Actors Film Internet Movie Database Biography
1976 Alicia Silverstone (San Francisco-born Actress) San Francisco Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
1979 Rachael Leigh Cook (Minnesota-born Actress) Minnesota Performing Artists Actors Film Internet Movie Database
1889 John Kelly (Pennsylvania-born Olympic Rowing Champion) Pennsylvania  Sports Figures Rowing 1920 Antwerp Summer Olympic Games
1910 Frankie Crosetti (San Francisco-born Professional Baseball Player) San Francisco Sports Figures Baseball
1934 Sam Huff (West Virginia-born Member of the Professional Football Hall of Fame) West Virginia Sports Figures Football Hall of Fame
Icon Persons of Historic Significance Who Have Died on This Date
1582 Saint Teresa of Avila (Spanish-born Catholic Saint) Spanish Political and Social Leaders Catholicism Concordia
1669 Rembrandt van Rijn (Dutch Painter) Rembrandt van Rijn Artists
1934 Malvin Johnson (North Carolina-born African-American Artist) North Carolina Artists American Artists African-American Artists
1947 Max Planck (German-born 1918 Nobel Laureate for Physics) Max Planck Physics Light 1918 Nobel Prize for Physics
1970 Janis Joplin (Texas-born Member of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame: Drug Overdose) Janis Joplin Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Illegal Drugs
1982 Glenn Gould (Canadian Pianist) Glenn Gould Popular Musicians
2004 Gordon Cooper (Oklahoma-born NASA Astronaut) Gordon Cooper Astronauts
Icon Icon
1535 Myles Coverdale Prints the First Complete English Translation of the Bible The Bible The Bible Museum
1582 The Last Julian Calendar Date for Roman Catholics. Next Date Is Oct 15, 1582 on the Gregorian Calendar Gregorian Calendar Catholicism University of Texas
1636 General Court of the Plymouth Colony Institutes First Legal Code Composed in North America General Fundamentals Colonial History Law and Legal Resources Historic Firsts Library of Congress
1641 Michigan's Sault Ste. Marie is Founded Michigan State of Michigan
1777 Howe Repels Washington at Germantown, but Colonials Gain Confidence Pennsylvania George Washington Battle of Germantown New York Times
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Lewis: They have reached Big Bone Lick, Kentucky today. Lewis records information on the remains of a mastadon and other now extinct creatures and other fossils he studied while there.
Indiana Kentucky Fossils K-12 TLC Guide to Lewis and Clark The Ohio River National Park Service
Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: the wind blew all night from the NW. Some rain, we were obliged to Drop down 3 miles to get the Chanel Suft. deep to pass up,

Several Indians on the Shore viewing of us Called to us to land one of them gave 3 yels and fired his musket sending the ball skipping over the water before us, we payed no attention to him, proceeded on and Came too on
the L. S. to breakfast

one of those Indians Swam across to us beged for Powder, we gave him a piece of Tobacco & Set him over on a Sand bar, and Set out,

Capt. Lewis and 3 men walked on Shore & crossed over to an Island Situated on the S. S. of the Current & near the Center of the river this Isld. is about 1½ miles long & nearly ½ as wide, in the Center of this Island was an old Village of the rickeries [Recorees - Arikara Indians] Called La ho catt it was Circular and walled Containing 17 lodges and it appears to have been deserted about five years, the Island Contains but little timber. we Camped on the Sand bar makeing from this Island, the day verry Cool.

Gass: We set out early; but were obliged to return to the place where we halted yesterday at 12 and to take the other side of the river; the water was so shallow and sand bars so numerous.

At 9 o'clock an Indian swam across the river to see us, when we stopped for breakfast. We informed him that we were not traders, that we had seen his chief and told him all we had to say. We proceeded on, passed a creek on the south side, called Teel creek, and encamped on the upper part of an island.

Lewis & Clark Map: 09/01/04 Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery
Weather Missouri River The Arikara Indians

The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska

Travelling with Lewis and Clark

Clark: a Cool wind from off the Eastern mountains

I displeased an Indian by refuseing him a pice of Tobacco which he tooke the liberty to take out of our Sack Three Indians visit us from the Grat River South of us.

The two men Frasure and Guterich return late from the Vllage with Fish roots &c. which they purchased as our
horse is eaten we have nothing to eate except dried fish & roots which disagree with us verry much.

The after part of this day verry warm. Capt Lewis Still Sick but able to walk about a little.

Whitehouse: A fair morning, Two of our hunters were sent out a hunting, the party continued working on the Canoes; some of them are ready to be finished off. Our hunters went out this day & returned without having killed any thing.—

Some of our party killed a fat dog, which they had got from the Indians at the last Village that we passed through.

They roasted & eat it in the Evining—

Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Native Americans
Lewis & Clark Map: 08/18/05 Clearwater County
The Lewis and Clark Trail University of Nebraska
1821 The Mexican Congress Adopts a Constitution, but New Mexico Remains a Territory without the Rights to Create Its Own Constitution Mexcio New Mexcio Historic Documents New Mexico Magazine
1851 The First Presbyterian Church in Madison, Wisconsin Organizes with Only Six Charter Members Madison, Wisconsin Religion Historic Firsts Wisconsin
1854 California's First Official State Fair Begins in San Francisco San Francisco Historic Firsts California State Fair LearnCalifornia
1856 Amos Bronson Alcott Meets with Walt Whitman in Brooklyn, New York Walt Whitman American Authors American Collection
1858 The Alabama School for the Deaf Is Founded in Talladega Alabama Special Needs Education Alabama Institute for Deaf and Blind Alabama State Archive
1860 Prince Kamehameha of the Kingdom of Hawaii Arrives in San Francisco Hawaii San Francisco Museum of San Francisco
1861 President Lincoln Observes a Balloon Demonstration Near Washington, D.C. Washington. D.C. President Abraham Lincoln American Civil War Balloons History Channel
1862 Federal Troops Destroy a Confederate Salt Works in Florida Florida American Civil War Florida State Historical Society
1867 Oct 1-4, African-American Men Vote for First Time in an Alabama Statewide Election Alabama Voting African-American Heritage Historic Firsts Alabama State Archive
1869 A 2,000-foot Section of Tunnel Collapses under Minnesota's Hennepin Island Minnesota MInnesota Historical Society
1876 Texas A&M Established as First State College in Texas Texas Education Texas A&M
1895 First U.S. Open Golf Tournament Is Played at Newport Golf & Country Club, RI Golf Historic Firsts Pinehurst Resort
1897 In Wisconsin, the Amalgamated Woodworkers Union Is Chartered Wisconsin Labor Unions Trees Wisconsin
1898 Doctors First Notice a Smallpox Outbreak in Laredo, Texas Texas Smallpox Texas State Historical Association
1905 Wright Brothers Make First Public Flights for Dayton, OH Residents The Wright Brothers Historic Firsts Wright Brothers Aeroplane Company and Museum of Pioneer Aviation
1909 More Than One Million Spectators Watch Wilbur Wright Over the Statue of Liberty and Grant's Tomb Statue of Liberty The Wright Brothers Library of Congress
1915 President Wilson Declares Utah's Dinosaur Quarry a National Monument Dinosaur National Monument President Wilson Dinosaurs Parks
1925 The Savannah River Bridge Is Opened Connecting Georgia and South Carolina South Carolina Georgia Bridges University of Georgia
1927 First Flight Made of Canada's First Commercial Air Mail Service Canada Aviation Historic Firsts Canadian Museum of Civilization
1931 Two Americans Leave Japan for First Non-stop Trans-Pacific Flight Japan Aviation Historic Firsts History Link
Dick Tracy First Appears in The New York News Comics & Cartoons Journalism Toonpedia Merriam-Webster
1934 Two Ohio Men Confess to Plot to Kidnap Wheeling, West Virginia Heiress Notorious People of Ohio Wheeling, West Virginia Crime Law and Legal Resources West Virgnia State Archives
1940 Adolph Hitler Meets Benito Mussolini Aboard Armored Train at the Brenner Pass Adolph Hitler Benito Mussolini World War II
1943 The Alaska Glacier Seafood Plant at Petersburg Is Destroyed by Fire - a $100,000 Loss Petersburg, Alaska Fire Safety Foods and Nutrition Economics Alaska Historical Society
1945 Aaron Copland's "Appalachian Spring" Orchestra Suite Is First Performed at Carnegie Hall by the New York Philharmonic Aaron Copland American Composers Historic Firsts American Public Media
1949 Patent for Typhoid Antibiotic Issued to Crooks, Rebstock, Controalis and Bartz Typhus Patents & Trademarks U.S. Patent & Trademark Office
1954 The Hotel Sussex in Seaford, Delaware Is Destroyed By Fire Seaford, Delaware Fire State of Delaware
1957 The Brooklyn Dodgers Win Their First World Series New York City Baseball New York Times
Soviet Union Launches Sputnik I, the First Artificial Satellite Sputnik I Space Exploration The Cold War Historic Firsts
Leave It to Beaver Debuts Family Television Internet Move Database History Channel
1958 British Airways Offers First Trans-Atlantic Jet Service Britain Aviation History Historic Firsts New York Times
1959 U.S. Rocket Launch Tests Mercury Capsule Aerodynamics and Integrity Space Exploration NASA
Los Angeles Dodgers Host First World Series West of St. Louis Los Angeles Baseball Major League Baseball Baseball Almanac
1960 Crown Prince Akihito and Crown Princess Michiko of Japan Visit Seattle, Washington Washington Japan HistoryLink
1961 "The Alvin Show" Premieres Cartoons & Comics Family Television Internet Move Database
1964 The Delaware State News of Dover Publishes Its First Sunday Edition Dover, Delaware Journalism Historic Firsts State of Delaware
1965 Pope Paul VI Addresses UN Catholic Popes United Nations Concordia
Abe Fortas Sworn In As Associate Justice of U.S. Supreme Court Tennessee Political and Social Leaders U.S. Supreme Court Oyez
1966 Lesotho Gains Independence from the United Kingdom Lesotho United Kingdom U.S. Department of State
1976 British Rail Begins New 125mph Intercity 'High Speed Train' Service Great Britain Railroads BBC
1979 350,000 See Pope John Paul II on Visit to Iowa's Living History Farms Iowa Pope John Paul II Religion Living History Farms
1983 7.4 Magnitude Earthquake Kills 5 in Chile Chile Earthquake Death USGS
Richard Noble Breaks 1-mile Land Speed Record: 633.468 mph Auto Racing Historic Firsts
1986 The Last Show of American Bandstand Airs Popular Music Television Internet Movie Database
1990 Parliament of the Reunified Germany Meets for First the Time Germany Historic Firsts New York Times
1992 Israeli Boeing 747 Cargo Plane Crashes Outside Amsterdam Killing Dozens Netherlands Israel Air Disasters Death BBC
1993 U.S. Soldiers Die When Blackhawk Helicopters Are Shot Down in Somalia Somalia War Aviation History Death BBC
1994 Nelson Mandela Visits President Clinton at the White House President Clinton Nelson Mandela C-SPAN
1998 70-painting Van Gogh Exhibit Opens in Washington, D.C. Washington, D.C. Vincent Van Gogh Art
2001 Barry Bonds Ties Mark McGwire's Single-season Record with Home Run #70 Baseball African-American Sports Figures New York Times
2002 Florence, Massachusetts Erects a Statue to Sojourner Truth Massachusetts Sojourner Truth African-American Political and Social Leaders Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities